22 Jul Types of Dentures
If you’ve been told you need dentures, the good news is there are plenty of types and materials available. And they fit far better than the dentures of yesteryear. The type of denture you’ll be prescribed will depend on how many teeth are missing, the likelihood of you losing more teeth – and also choices reflecting lifestyle and budget. Affordable tooth replacement options are available, while other options can cost a lot more – but provide plently of comfort and security and extremely lifelike results.
Full (removable) dentures
Full dentures, a.k.a. complete dentures (or, in the old days, false teeth), are the traditional dentures most of us have heard of before the introduction of dental implants. Full dentures sit on top of your gum line. Suction and the muscles in your cheeks and tongue hold them in place.
‘Full’ means that they replace a full set of teeth on either the upper or lower jaw. Although full removable dentures are considered conventional, traditional dentures, they are still a vast improvement on models of yesteryear. Meaning: they are far more sophisticated and better-fitting than what your grandparents may have worn.
Partial dentures replace one or some missing teeth in either your upper or lower jaw. As with complete removable dentures, they sit on top of the gum line and are not supported by implants. Partial dentures are attached to neighbouring teeth to stay in place.
Partial dentures are a popular option for people missing just a couple of teeth – and still have healthy neighbouring teeth. Although not as secure as implant-supported dentures, they provide the look and some function of natural teeth – at a comparatively affordable price.
A partial denture can be made from acrylic material (the most cost-effective option) or chrome cobalt (stainless steel), which cost more but are more robust, thinner and more comfortable.
Immediate dentures are given to a patient ‘immediately’ after tooth extraction. They help with the healing process (to reduce swelling and bleeding) while also allowing the patient to leave the dental clinic with a tooth replacement – rather than no teeth at all. Most patients feel more comfortableto be seen in public with a denture rather than no or missing teeth. Plus, their immediate dentures provide some help when eating soft foods. They are an interim solution while you wait for your mouth to heal and your new dentures to be made.
Implant retained overdentures are ‘retained’ by dental implants. These implants have been surgically placed into the jawbone below the gumline, then given time to heal. Once healed, the dental prosthetist creates an overdenture that clips or attaches onto the dental implant via an abutment. These implant-retained dentures are incredibly secure and lifelike. Although they cost more than conventional dentures, they are an extremely popular option due to the freedom and natural function they provide.
Cosmetic dentures simply mean dentures that have been created with aesthetics in mind. This includes colour matching your existing teeth, tooth shaping and gum design. However, at Dentures Direct, this is a given. Cosmetic detail and aesthetics are always considered when creating our dentures.